ICAI Lab – AI for Risk Profiling and Decision Support (AI-RONDO)

How to warn people at an early stage that they have Parkinson’s or Alzheimer’s? Or that the disease is progressing? And how can we then optimally support them in their daily lives, so that they gain more control over the course of their disease? In the ICAI lab AI for Risk Profiling and Decision Support (AI-RONDO) researchers use artificial intelligence to enable early detection and personalized feedback.

Parkinson’s and Alzheimer’s cannot (yet) be cured, but it is possible to optimize the daily functioning of people with these conditions. By taking preventive measures at an early stage and slowing down the process. To make this possible, Radboud University, Radboudumc and imec in OnePlanet Research Center, together with industry and societal institutions, are joining forces in the ICAI lab AI-RONDO, focusing on two pillars:

  • Mapping the risks of Parkinson’s and Alzheimer’s disease at an early stage (risk profiling)
  • Providing additional and personalized support to people who have the diseases (decision support)

Risk profiling

There is already a lot of data on patients suffering from Parkinson’s and Alzheimer’s. By using AI algorithms and models on this information, new links can be found and for example groups facing an increased risk of developing complications can be pinpointed. Using these enriched data it is possible, following diagnosis, to prescribe treatment for a patient specifically designed for their personal risk profile. The signs – such as speaking more softly, articulating less clearly, a change in walking patterns or heart rate – that indicate that something is going wrong, can be analyzed. On the basis of a sign like this, a care provider can prevent further deterioration.

Decision support

AI-RONDO will use digital tools to collect data in the home situation and to provide the patient with personalized feedback. For example an app linked to a bracelet that provides an analysis of how symptoms changed over the course of the day, linked to the taking of medication. Or an avatar, a virtual assistant that engages in conversation with the patient while simultaneously collecting new data on the progression of the disease from their speech. This extra support – in addition to regular care – offers patients more information on and a greater understanding of their own health. This means they have greater control and are able to delay the disease’s progress themselves.

A real-life digital measurement and monitoring platform for the (mental) well-being of citizens and special risk groups. That’s what Noldus, Ivido and OnePlanet Research Center will develop in this EFRO funded project.

Physiological measurements, like heart rate and heart rate variability, can provide insights in peoples (mental) health. These insights allow us to do early risk assessments and lifestyle and behavioral interventions. Nowadays, these measurements are mostly performed in lab environments with dedicated tools. Data from real life environments are more relevant, but current health monitoring wearables can only provide a limited amount of information. Therefore, Noldus, Ivido and OnePlanet will further develop the Chill+, a (mental) health monitoring wearable, and perform these real-life digital measurements.

Towards prevention

Also, the research team will build a software platform for analysis of both raw and processed physiological data. Ultimately, a personalized health dashboard will be developed for visualization of the data from the Chillband+. This platform provides insight in risk factors, efficiency of behavioral interventions and optimization of mental health and well-being. Data from the platform will become available for patients, healthy people, health care professionals and researchers. Taken together this should aid the healthcare transition towards remote healthcare and personal preventive health.

This innovation is funded by EFRO: European Fund for Regional Development in the European Union.

A smart bathroom that non-invasively and regularly measures and integrates blood pressure, hydration status and other health biomarkers to provide people with personalized feedback, is the exciting goal of Smart Bathroom for Health. The technology can serve as a research platform to collect objective health data at home and contribute to new (dietary) interventions and early detection of diseases.

What if… we could detect early markers of disease and develop personalized nutrition, lifestyle and medical interventions, without the need for hospital visits and time-consuming, often uncomfortable, manual measurements of bodily functions?

Measuring physiological indicators such as blood pressure and hydration status multiple times a day would allow for early detection and, possibly, prevention of diseases. Variations in blood pressure and oxygen levels can be early signs of cardiovascular diseases. Urine protein levels and fecal inflammatory markers give insight into urinary and gastrointestinal health. And gradual weight loss can go unnoticed, but might point to poor nutrition.

Advanced sensors

In Smart Bathroom for Health, OnePlanet Research Center aims to develop a variety of advanced sensors for measuring health: integrated in and around the toilet, the mirror, etc. These sensors will connect to a digital platform that interprets these data, identifying trends, predicting health issues and giving personalized advice.

Experts from imec, a specialist in high-tech sensors and wearables, are collaborating closely with nutritionists and doctors from Wageningen University & Research, Radboud University and Radboudumc, to overcome the practical and technological challenges anticipated with such a disruptive innovation. They must, for example, select those biomarkers that are most reliable and representative for health. The technology should need minimal power, and be moisture-resistant.

Fundamental to the OnePlanet vision is to ensure what is developed makes a clear and measurable difference in real life. That’s why food, pharma and technology companies are invited to join the innovation process.

Towards personalized feedback

In 2019, the first prototype of a smart toilet – it measured an individual’s physiology – was tested among visitors to the Lowlands event in Biddinghuizen, the Netherlands. A second, optimized, prototype will be tested in Summer 2021, in volunteer’s homes. The next step will be to expand the system, adding sensors to measure hydration status and fecal markers of inflammation, as well as software and artificial intelligence solutions that allow for the generation of personalized feedback.

Citizen nutrition is a large personalized nutritional study in Gelderland, where new measurement techniques are being used and new behavioral intervention / models can be tested. The collected data enables the development of precision nutritional models and targeted personalized feedback.

The goal of this innovation trajectory is to set up a participatory study in which new measurement techniques, behavioral models and the development of precise nutritional models come together.

The goal is to create insights on effective interventions for person-oriented eating-behavior guidance, the development of associated employable technology and develop contributions to health interventions in personal living environments.

A smart pill that non-invasively monitors inflammation, microbiota activity, nutrient uptake and other gut health biomarkers is the planned outcome of Ingestibles for Gut Health. This will provide food and pharma companies and technology providers with new opportunities for targeted improvement of gut health and overall wellbeing.

What if consumers could measure nutrient uptake and other biomarkers for gut health – and get personalized advice on diet, lifestyle and medicine use – just by ingesting a small pill? It would save consumers, patients and medical staff tedious and time-consuming medical examinations, and help scientists and doctors understand precisely what is happening in the gut. Which nutrients are absorbed and where? Which metabolites are produced by the microbiota? And precisely where in the intestines are individuals with Crohn’s Disease affected, or those with ulcerative colitis or Irritable Bowel Syndrome?

Better understanding

Though very common, gut diseases are currently not well understood. Improving our understanding would provide food and pharma companies, and doctors, opportunities to detect health issues at an early stage and develop more-targeted interventions. This would improve people’s quality of life and – as gut health is related to immune function, glucose metabolism and other key processes in the body – overall wellbeing.

Completely new technology

In Ingestibles for Gut Health, OnePlanet Research Center aims to develop completely new technology that will incorporate miniaturized sensors in a pill, connect them to a digital platform with advanced chips that can read these data, and transmit it to a data platform that can interpret the recorded parameters.

Experts from imec, specializing in high-tech sensors, micro-electronics, and wearables, are collaborating closely with nutritionists, chemists, physicians and gastroenterologists from Wageningen University & Research, Radboud University and Radboudumc to overcome the technological and practical challenges anticipated with such a disruptive innovation. The pill should, for example, be easily swallowable and resistant to digestive enzymes. It should also be easy to track, and require a minuscule amount of power.

Fundamental to the OnePlanet vision is that what is developed makes a clear and measurable difference in real life. That’s why food, pharma and technology developers are invited to join the innovation process.

Towards personalized advice

The first generation of ingestibles is validated in a clinical trial beginning of 2024. Fifteen healthy volunteers were included in this 100% controlled dietary intervention studying protein fermentation. We successfully utilized 69 ingestibles and collected over 4000 hours of data. The functionality of the first generation of smart pills will be extended over the coming years. We will in parallel develop an ingestible able to take a gut fluid sample for more extensive offline analysis, e.g. for microbiome analysis or biomarker exploration. By 2027, a highly advanced sensing platform will be available, including digital gut models, and a dashboard, to monitor gut health.

A data-driven digital platform that can predict optimal diet and lifestyle interventions for an individual. This will be the exciting outcome of Human Digital Twin. The technology will serve as a research platform to integrate and analyze objective health data, facilitating early detection of diseases and powering the development of personalized products and services.

What if… every consumer had their own ‘virtual twin’ that gives them insight into their health status, and provides personalized advice on diet, lifestyle and medicines?

Accompanied by cutting-edge devices, like ingestible sensors and apps, it would empower consumers to make moment-by-moment changes in diet and lifestyle. Which food products should they eat to improve their gut health? How does this link to their mental wellbeing?

Personalized intervention

Personalized interventions have proven to be more effective at improving health than one-size-fits all approaches. In our ageing society, where the number of people with chronic diseases is on the rise, they can make a great difference to quality of life and health care costs.

AI-guided, digital platform

In Human Digital Twin, OnePlanet Research Center is developing an AI-guided, digital platform for continuous collection, integration and analysis of health and nutrition data, in specific contexts, collected via sensors. Imagine, for example, an ingestible sensor providing data on microbiome and gut health. The platform gives insight into an individual’s risk of developing lifestyle related diseases, such as diabetes, cardiovascular diseases and burnout. The self-learning system also predicts which diet and lifestyle interventions will work best for each individual, and in which situation.

In this innovation program, experts from imec, specializing in high-tech sensors and wearables, are collaborating with nutritionists, behavioral experts and doctors from Wageningen University & Research, Radboud University and Radboudumc, to solve the complex issues that come along with such a disruptive innovation. How, for example, to ensure safe storage and ethical use of huge amounts of data? And what software and insights are needed to build in functionality that automatically optimizes motivational feedback to the individual?

Towards personalized advice

The digital data platform is being constructed using health data collected in OnePlanet’s innovation programs Ingestibles for Gut Health, Smart Bathroom for Health and Studies in Nutrition & Mental Wellbeing. Their experts have also initiated, in collaboration with industry, a study that will collect and integrate contextual data on stress and physiological functions such as heart rate and skin conductance. This will allow prediction of individuals’ stress levels and give personalized advice on stress reduction.

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